Christine

Visions Of Life
2003-04-07 01:30:21 (UTC)

Patriot Act

http://www.archipelago.org/vol6-2/feingold.htm

The Patriot Act:


Violates the First Amendment freedom of speech guarantee,
the provision allowing the right to peaceably assemble,
and the provision allowing the right to petition the
government for redress of grievances.

Violates the Fourth Amendment guarantee of probable cause
in astonishingly major and repeated ways. The Fourth
Amendment to the Constitution reads: "The right of the
people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and
effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall
not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon
probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and
particularly describing the place to be searched, and the
persons of things to be seized." The Patriot Act, now
passed and the law of the land, has revoked the necessity
for probable cause, and now allows the police, at any time
and for any reason, to enter and search your house. Under
the act they are not required to even tell you why.

Violates the Fifth Amendment by allowing for indefinite
incarceration without trial for those deemed by the
Attorney General to be threats to national security. The
Fifth Amendment guarantees that no person shall be
deprived of life, liberty or property without due process
of law, and the Patriot Act does away with due process. It
even allows people to be kept in prison for life without
even a trial.

Violates the Sixth Amendment guarantee of the right to a
speedy and public trial. Now you may get no trial at all,
ever.

Violates the Eighth Amendment (cruel and unusual
punishment).

Violates the 13th Amendment (punishment without
conviction).


From the ACLU's objections:

* It minimizes judicial supervision of telephone and
Internet surveillance by law enforcement authorities in
anti-terrorism investigations and in routine criminal
investigations unrelated to terrorism. (Unrelated to
terrorism? WTF? That means anything. Maybe surveillance of
those expressing political dissent? Ya think?)

* It expands the ability of the government to conduct
secret searches in anti-terrorism investigations and in
routine criminal investigations unrelated to terrorism.
(Again - unrelated to terrorism? That means anything. If
you disagree with the government's policies publically
then this applies to you).

* It gives the Attorney General and the Secretary of State
the power to designate domestic groups as terrorist
organizations and block any non-citizen who belongs to
them from entering the country. Under this provision the
payment of membership dues is a deportable offense. (That
means, among other things, that Bush and Ashcroft can
decide that even obviously peaceful organizations are
terrorists, and under this law, can put them in jail).

* It grants the FBI broad access to sensitive medical,
financial, mental health, and educational records about
individuals without having to show evidence of a crime and
without a court order. (I can't help you if you don't see
the danger in this).

* It could lead to large-scale investigations of American
citizens for "intelligence" purposes and use of
intelligence authorities to bypass probable cause
requirements in criminal cases. (This could apply to
anyone).

* It puts the CIA and other intelligence agencies back in
the business of spying on Americans by giving the Director
of Central Intelligence the authority to identify priority
targets for intelligence surveillance in the United
States.

* It allows searches of highly personal financial records
without notice and without judicial review based on a very
low standard that does not require probable cause of a
crime or even relevancy to an ongoing terrorism
investigation. (They can do any of this without any reason
whatsoever. This is the kind of freedom fascists have
always wanted - freedom to put everyone who disagrees with
them in jail).

* It creates a broad new definition of "domestic
terrorism" that could sweep in people who engage in acts
of political protest and subject them to wiretapping and
enhanced penalties. (This means they can jail anyone who
disagrees with them, and keep them in jail for life
without a trial).



Apr 5 2003 3:53PM
for info on The Patriot Act 2 go here:

http://www.publicintegrity.org/dtaweb/report.asp?
ReportID=502&L1=10&L2=10&L3=0&L4=0&L5=0